Collective sharing, innovation, and precise poverty alleviation in China

Stream: Chinese social policy: poverty reduction
Date: Tuesday, 10 September 2019
Time: 10.55 am – 12.35 pm

Abstract

Although this rapid economic development has improved living standards substantially and removed 700 million people out of absolute poverty in China, the development simultaneously broadens income inequality. The Gini coefficient increased from 0.30 in 1979 to 0.55 in 2012. In 2015, the Chinese government announced the goal of removing absolute poverty by 2020, but rural poverty has presented the most challenging barriers to achieving this goal. In fact, at the end of 2015, about 56 million people were living in poverty in these areas alone. Xi Jinping, the general secretary of the Communist Party of China, urged for collaboration between the government, non-profit organizations, and enterprises to work together towards poverty alleviation. Xi Jinping also put forward a precise poverty alleviation concept as a major step towards achieving this 2020 goal. Lu Dezhi (2016) argues that with the continued development of capital, the overall wealth of society will become more and more abundant. In response to this anticipated growth, Lu Dezhi calls for the collective sharing of capital, a mechanism by which governments, non-profit organizations, and private businesses work together to allow capital-generated wealth to be shared by most people. This article aims to use the case of JD.com to illustrate how a private enterprise can use its capital advantage to apply innovative approaches to fight for rural poverty, a problem that has historically been left for the government and non-profit organizations to resolve. The example set by JD.com highlights the importance of collective sharing, innovation, and poverty alleviation.

Authors

Chienchung Huang (Presenter), Rutgers University
Dr. Chien-Chung Huang (Ph.D., 1998, Social Work, Columbia University) is the director of Huamin Research Center and a professor in the School of Social Work at Rutgers University. His research emphasizes on the role of social policy in affecting the well-being of children and their families in China and the United States. In recent years, Dr. Huang has focus on effects of philanthropy, nonprofit sector, and social innovation on social development. Dr. Huang co-edited and translated 7 books and published more than 70 articles in peer-review journals.

Lijie Fang (Presenter), Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Dr. Lijie Fang is an Associate Professor at the Department of Social Policy, Institute of Sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Her area is on Chinese social policy, particularly on health care and social assistance policies.