State-made market and society: practicing welfare pluralism in elderly care of the Chinese context

Stream: Chinese social policy: policy and ageing
Date: Monday, 9 September 2019
Time: 3.40 pm – 5.00 pm


This article observes the process of state creating market and society in the construction of elderly care scheme in China. When mentioned about the reforms with pluralist approaches, we have always assumed that it aims to reduce the responsibility of government by emphasizing on roles of other stakeholders, and in which stakeholders are more independent with each other. But the construction of elder care scheme in China began with a very different situation. It has very insufficient development of market and grassroots society. So we have seen that the state subsidized the elderly care facilities in order to create an elderly care market, and on the other hand supported the organizations of community residents to create a grassroots society to declare the elderly care demands. During the creating process, even market and society play big roles in elderly care, it is difficult to understand it with the current research of pluralism in welfare states. The elderly care market and the community based grassroots society highly depend on the local government, which produced an unique and united pluralist model characterized by the strong lead and control of the state.


Lijie Fang (Presenter), Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Dr. Lijie Fang is a Professor at the Institute of Sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Her research is mainly focused on health policy, elderly care, community development, and welfare regime. She has involved in many international research projects. She was a visiting fellow and collaborating researcher at UN Research Institute of Social Development (UNRISD), and she was also a visiting Ford Foundation Fellow at the Asia Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science from 2013-2014. She has been in charge of an ESRC/CASS co-sponsored collaboration project with partners from IDS and LSE recently.